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Egypt_map_527x286px Egypt+flag Abdul+Fattah+al-Sisi%2c+Egypt
President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi

Egypt country datafile
Country overview
Government contacts

Country data

Iran 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013f 2014f
Nominal GDP ($bn) 162.4 188.6 218.8 235.6 262.3 271.4 286.1
GDP per capita ($) 2,160 2,453 2,780 2,930 3.179 3.226 3.333
Real GDP growth (annual change, %) 7.2 4.7 5.1 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.3
Government revenue (% of GDP) 28 27.7 25.1 22.0 22.1 23.0 26.7
Government total expenditure (% of GDP) 36.0 34.6 33.4 31.8 32.7 37.1 37.8
Total government debt (gross, % of GDP) 70.2 73.0 73.2 76.6 78.9 89.2 91.3
Current account balance (% of GDP) 0.5 -2.3 -2.0 -2.6 -3.9 -2.1 -1.3
Value of oil imports 9.6 7 5.2 9.3 11.8 12.5 12.5
Value of oil exports 11.2 7.9 8 10.2 11.2 11.3 10.7
Inflation (%) 11.7 16.2 11.7 11.1 8.7 6.9 10.7
Click to see full economic data (2005 - 2018 forecast)
Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database; Last updated: July 2014; *=Estimate

MEED Invest in Egypt conference

Egypt microfinance

First microfinance securitisation due in 2015

27 November 2014 | By

Could change how millions of Egypt’s small business people are financed


Bids for Egypt’s Abu Rawash plant due in December

27 November 2014 | By

The wastewater treatment facility will be procured using public-private partnership model

Desalination plant

Egypt plans three PPP desalination projects

27 November 2014 | By

First two are due to be tendered in March 2015


Egyptian investors call for stability and reform

27 November 2014 | By

Priority should be speeding up bureaucratic transactions


Masdar investing in rooftop solar in Egypt

27 November 2014 | By

Off-grid projects will provide electricity for 61,000 homes


Qalaa Holdings considering new capital raising in 2015

27 November 2014 | By

Egyptian firm raised capital to EGP8bn last year


Companies express interest in Egypt renewables scheme

27 November 2014 | By ,

Prequalified companies due to be announced in December


Egypt's retail sector attractive but challenged

27 November 2014 | By

Despite significant domestic opportunity, diverse sector faces substantial risks

Cairo in Egypt

Public-private partnerships to fund $4bn of Egypt projects

27 November 2014 | By ,

The country is decentralising the process and tendering 19 schemes over the next two years


Dana Gas to invest $350m in developing Egyptian gas

27 November 2014 | By ,

UAE company owed $160m in overdue receivables


Egypt strives to improve investment environment

27 November 2014 | By

Egypt developing a more business friendly investment environment

Mostafa Madbouly

Egypt plans major housing, utility and infrastructure projects

27 November 2014

Social housing, water and sewerage, road network and north coast development programme are Egypt’s immediate priorities, says Egyptian minister

Arabtec deal a blueprint for Egypt housing projects

Arabtec deal a blueprint for Egypt housing projects

27 November 2014 | By

UAE firm to oversee development of 1 million affordable housing units

Sewage treatment plant under construction

Egypt looks to private sector for utilities investment

27 November 2014 | By

Cairo is turning to public-private partnerships to develop sewage and desalination projects


Egypt needs 500,000 new homes a year

27 November 2014 | By ,

Urgent requirement to also develop utilities to support population and housing growth

MEED comment

Egypt renewables

Egypt commits to renewables

27 November 2014 | By

Cairo now faces the challenges of implementing and financing the projects

Suez Canal

Egypt seeks to revamp its reputation

16 October 2014 | By

Suez Canal projects are playing a symbolic role in kick-starting the Egyptian economy

Egypt needs to work with international oil companies to fast-track projects to develop gas fields

Cairo looks for escape route Subscription

18 September 2014 | By

Egypt is struggling to find a way to solve its escalating gas crisis


The battle to bring West Nile Delta online Subscription

11 September 2014 | By

Delays to getting Egypt’s biggest gas project producing will punish the Egyptian economy


Egypt moves ahead with key power projects Subscription

3 July 2014 | Updated: 7 July 2014 | By

Energy projects top the agenda for Egypt’s new government with atomic power proposed as the main solution


Journalists’ jailing fuel for instability Subscription

26 June 2014

The imprisonment of three Al-Jazeera journalists could turn support for Al-Sisi against him

Egypt Al-Sisi supporters

Al-Sisi will be under pressure Subscription

12 June 2014

Egypt’s newly elected president faces a tough year ahead as he juggles the needs of the people along with those of foreign investors

Reform: Whoever is elected must make tough choices

Stability falls to next leadership Egypt Subscription

24 April 2014 | By

Egypt’s new leadership must work out how to revitalise the economy while balancing political stability and electoral satisfaction

Ports: Tenders have been issued for ports projects

Signs of a turn in Egypt’s fortunes Subscription

3 April 2014 | By

While new infrastructure projects indicate an improvement in Egypt’s economy, stability is still a key issue


Al-Sisi faced with daunting mission Subscription

27 March 2014 | By

If the ex-army chief is elected leader, he will have to ensure stability as well as a democratic government

Mubarak-style leadership?

Egypt's inevitable return to military rule Subscription

20 March 2014

Army chief Al-Sisi is expected to be elected president, in a sign that Egyptians are desperate for stability


Progress is key on housing deal Subscription

13 March 2014 | By

The low-cost housing contract the Egyptian government has signed with Arabtec promises much-needed homes and jobs for citizens

Ibrahim Mahlab: Poised to tackle Egypt’s problems

New leader in Egypt will take tough stance Subscription

27 February 2014

With Egypt’s economy continuing to struggle, the new government must live up to its promises

More MEED commentary

Egypt trends

Egypt electricity supply and power and water projects

Cairo cuts costly electricity subsidies Subscription

2 November 2014 | By Richard Nield

The Egyptian government hopes subsidy reform and its plans for the country’s beleaguered power sector will attract private investors

Power and water

Region’s utility sector races to meet demand Subscription

30 October 2014 | By

With rapid population and industrial growth, the Middle East and North Africa is a key market for companies involved in the power and water sectors

Egypt oil and gas balance

Israeli gas exports to Egypt look increasingly likely Subscription

23 October 2014 | By

Cairo’s failure to ease shortage makes Israeli gas an attractive option

Egypt has finally taken action on reducing electricity price subsidies

Egypt takes the plunge Subscription

22 October 2014 | By Bernadette Ballantyne

As Cairo finally takes action on reducing electricity subsidies, other regional states are feeling the pressure to step up their reform efforts as consumption continues to rise

National duty: Egyptians flocked to buy investment certificates for the Suez canal expansion

Suez projects to kick-start investment Subscription

16 October 2014 | By

Cairo’s plans to expand the Suez Canal are central to its economic vision for Egypt

Middle East contracts September 2014

Middle East contracts awarded: September 2014 Subscription

16 October 2014

Over $2bn of contracts awarded in September in the Middle East

Middle East contracts awarded August 2014

Middle East contracts awarded: August 2014 Subscription

14 October 2014

Over $3bn of contracts awarded in August in the Middle East

Cairo metro line 3

Delivering the Cairo metro Subscription

12 October 2014

Almost 30 years after it opened, the network is still being expanded

Echem spending

Petrochemicals projects struggle to find momentum Subscription

8 October 2014 | By

Political and economic instability coupled with a shortage of natural gas are causing setbacks for petrochemicals schemes in Egypt

Egypt projects by sector and project status

Egypt puts infrastructure at the top of the agenda Subscription

2 October 2014 | By

Upgrading the country’s transport sector, developing the Suez Canal and providing affordable housing are priorities for Cairo

Illustration of Basil el-Baz

Basil el-Baz, chairman and CEO of Carbon Holdings Subscription

1 October 2014 | By

Basil el-Baz believes Egypt can compete with the US and Saudi Arabia when it comes to world-class petrochemicals facilities

Momentum grows for Suez projects Subscription

25 September 2014 | By David Butter

In the 150 years since construction started on the Suez Canal, Egypt has failed to make the most of the strategic asset. A series of new projects now getting under way aims to put that right

Maintaining peace: Security in Cairo has been increased, with tanks in the streets

Egypt tense ahead of elections Subscription

25 September 2014 | By

An uneasy atmosphere prevails across the country ahead of parliamentary polls set to take place before the end of the year.

Filter Egypt analysis by sector

Special reports

Region: Political stability a must to be able to go nuclear

Nuclear: Backing key to plans Subscription

7 August 2014

The highly regulated nature and requirements of the nuclear power industry means foreign support is key to the region’s ambitions


Rethinking Egypt's cities

4 May 2014

Egypt rises to the urban development challenge

Egypt's new cabinet

Egypt: New leadership and continuing challenges Subscription

20 March 2014

Egypt has yet to solve its leadership crisis, but Army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s potential presidential candidacy could hark back to a Mubarak style of rule

Egypt's president, Mohamed Mursi

Egypt: Frustrations rise over lack of progress Subscription

5 June 2013

Building a new order of governance in Egypt after 30 years of dictatorship was always going to be an immense challenge


Power & Water: Egypt takes on supply crisis Subscription

17 January 2013

Power supply problems were recently illustrated by the government’s proposal to introduce new closing hours in the hospitality sector


Egypt: Tackling the economic and political crises in Egypt Subscription

28 June 2012

Five hundred days after Hosni Mubarak lost power, Egypt has a democratically elected president

More Egypt special reports

Market presentations

Middle East Outlook 2013

A region in transition: Middle East outlook 2013 and beyond Subscription

18 August 2013

Insight and analysis on the economic and projects outlook for the Middle East

Project Finance

Webinar: Middle East project finance outlook Subscription

17 June 2013

Market constraints to continue, with deals flowing to most stable markets in the region

Mena renewables 2013

Webinar: MENA Renewable Energy Subscription

12 May 2013

In this presentation, MEED discusses the trends and prospects for renewable power in the region

After the Uprisings webinar

After the Uprisings: The outlook for business in the Middle East in 2013 and beyond Subscription

4 March 2013

A webinar on the region’s business environment, providing current data and exclusive expert analysis drawn from MEED’s team of experts

Abu Dhabi petrochemicals plant

Future developments in Middle East petrochemicals Subscription

26 March 2012

MEED’s exclusive subscriber-only online seminar on the petrochemicals sector in MENA outside of the GCC

More MEED webinars

Top 10 projects


Rank Project Name Sector Contract value ($m)
1 Uptown Cairo Construction 2,100
2 Mostorod New Refinery: Hydrocracker Oil 1,900
3 New Giza Construction 1,800
3 Damietta Fertiliser Plant Expansion Chemical 1,800
5 Tahrir Petrochemicals Complex: Offsites & Utilities Chemical 1,700
6 Mostorod New Refinery: Crude Distillation Unit Oil 1,600
7 Grand Heights Construction 1,170
8 Sharm el-Sheikh Scheme Construction 1,000
8 Degla Palms Construction 1,000
10 Ashgar City Construction 914
Click through to the full data table on Egypt's biggest projects in construction
Click through to MEED's Q3 2014 Top 100 Projects report
Source: MEED Projects; Data compiled: November 2014; All projects are in execution

Project awards

Suez Canal

Two teams win Suez Canal dredging Subscription

19 October 2014 | By

The work is divided into five lots

Egypt desert

Eni wins three Egyptian exploration licences Subscription

29 September 2014 | By

Blocks are located in Western Desert and offshore


Dana Gas awarded two Egyptian offshore concessions Subscription

29 September 2014 | By

UAE gas company is awarded two blocks in the Nile Delta

Egypt has awarded seven oil and gas exploration blocks in deals worth a total of $187m

Egypt awards seven oil and gas blocks Subscription

21 September 2014 | By

Exploration licences granted for sites in Gulf of Suez and Western Desert

Gulf of Suez

RWE Dea wins new concessions in Egypt Subscription

18 September 2014 | By

Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation awards germany’s RWE Dea two concessions in the Gulf of Suez

The agreements were signed on 10 September and require Apache to drill 11 wells

Apache to drill 11 wells in Egypt Subscription

14 September 2014 | By

Authorities push to increase activity in oil and gas sector

Suez Canal

Ascom wins excavation work on the Suez Canal project Subscription

20 August 2014 | By

Qalaa Holdings’ company is one of several selected firms

Hill appointed project manager for Cairo airport Terminal 2

Hill project manager for Cairo airport Terminal 2 Subscription

31 July 2014 | By

US-based firm wins $1.9m contract lasting for 15 months

Water supply

Acciona wins Egypt water supply contract Subscription

23 July 2014 | By

Spain’s Acciona Agua and local partner will operate and maintain water network for New Cairo area

All companies

Misr Oil Processing Company Subscription

Misr Oil Processing Company of Egypt, established in 1998 is a petroleum company active in urea and ammonia production at the Damietta Fertiliser Plant Expansion project

Arab Organisation for Industrialisation Subscription

The Arab Organisation for Industrialisation (AOI) is an industrial organisation in Egypt, responsible for infrastructure, environmental protection, transportation projects and energy services.

See all company profiles


Amr Seif Subscription

8 October 2013

Amr Seif is head of asset management, EFG Hermes

Nabil Fahmy Subscription

16 July 2013 | By

Nabil Fahmy is foreign minister, Egypt

Ahmed Galal Subscription

16 July 2013 | By

Ahmed Galal is the new finance minister in Egypt’s interim government

Ziad Bahaa El-Din Subscription

15 July 2013 | By

Ziad Bahaa El-Din is Egypt’s new deputy prime minister for Egypt’s interim government

Younes Makhyoun Subscription

11 July 2013 | By

Younes Makhyoun is chairman of the Salafist Al-Nour party

Mohamed El-Baradei Subscription

11 July 2013 | By

Mohamed El-Baradei is interim vice-president for foreign relations in Egypt

More Egypt biographies

Latest Egypt news

Italian tyremaker Pirelli

Pirelli set to invest $107m in Egypt Subscription

26 November 2014 | By

Italian tyremaker to expand operations at Alexandria plant

Sace finalises Egypt power plant deal

Sace finalises Egypt power plant deal Subscription

26 November 2014 | By

Italian agency guaranteeing $261m loan

 given the rising volumes of passengers travelling on the Dubai Metro, the region is beginning to establish a track record that lenders and bankers could use to predict whether project finance debts can be repaid

The Middle East in 2030 Subscription

25 November 2014 | By

Take part in MEED’s survey to identify the key trends that will shape the Middle East economy in 2030

Renewable energy

Egypt invites interest in 4300MW renewables programme Subscription

23 November 2014 | By

Huge interest before 26 November deadline for proposals

Oil pipeline

New Israeli gas pipeline to Egypt planned Subscription

23 November 2014 | By

Pipeline will be part of upgrade to the offshore Tamar gas field

Tunnel-boring as part of Suez Canal project is being discussed

German machines to drill under Suez Canal Subscription

23 November 2014 | By Wil Crisp

Germany’s Herrenknecht says it is discussing Suez contract details

UAE-based private equity firm Abraaj Capital has secured regulatory approval to acquire a stake in Egyptian food producer Bisco Misr

Abraaj Capital wins approval for Bisco Misr deal Subscription

20 November 2014 | By

UAE private equity firm pushes ahead with acquisition plans

Egypt’s spending on fuel subsidies has dropped by 29 per cent in the wake of reforms that hiked up prices for consumers

Egypt fuel subsidy spending drops by 29 per cent Subscription

18 November 2014 | By

Government spends $3bn in first quarter of fiscal year

UK energy company BG Group is in ongoing talks with its rival, fellow UK firm BP, over a potential deal to share infrastructure in Egypt

BG says Egypt gas talks are ongoing with BP Subscription

18 November 2014 | By

Discussions may lead to an increase in gas supplies to domestic market

Coal-fired power station

Cairo signs agreement with Abu Dhabi for Egyptian power plant Subscription

13 November 2014 | By

Abu Dhabi state-owned company part of consortium planning to build 2,000MW-3,000MW coal-fired plant

Dana Gas signed revenue-generating agreements with Cairo and Erbil

Dana Gas reports 36 per cent rise in third-quarter profit Subscription

12 November 2014 | By

Sharjah-based company signed revenue-generating agreements with Cairo and Erbil


Aabar Investments increases stake in Arabtec Subscription

12 November 2014 | By

Arabtec aims to start Egypt housing project before year-end


Aabar acquires stake in Egyptian real estate firm Subscription

10 November 2014 | By

Abu Dhabi-based company invests in Palm Hills Developments

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MEED events


Invest in Egypt 2014

Profiling investment opportunities in the infrastructure, real estate, housing, tourism, power, petrochemicals, financial services & retail sectors.

More MEED events