By continuing to use the site you agree to our Privacy & Cookies policy


If you are not a MEED subscriber but need access to trusted information, expert analysis and new sales leads then subscribe to the Middle East’s leading business intelligence service now


Syria_map_527x286px Syria+flag President+Bashar+al-Assad
President Bashar al-Assad

Syria country datafile
Country overview
Government contacts

Country data

New Page 1
Syria 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015f
Nominal GDP ($bn) 53.9 60.0 na na na na na
GDP per capita ($) 2,557 2,807 na na na na na
Real GDP growth (annual change, %) 5.9 3.4 na na na na na
Government revenue (% of GDP) 23.9 20.8* na na na na na
Government total expenditure (% of GDP) 26.7 28.6* na na na na na
General government debt (gross, % of GDP) 31.2 20.0* na na na na na
Current account balance (% of GDP) -2.9 -2.8* na na na na na
Inflation (%) 1.7 6.3 na na na na na
Population (millions) 21.1 21.4 na na na na na
Unemployment (%) 8.1 8.6 na na na na na
Click to see full economic data (2005 - 2019 forecast)
Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database; Last updated: February 2015; *=Estimate

News & analysis

Lebanon's Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah

Israeli air strikes kill Hezbollah fighters Subscription

19 January 2015 | By

Air strikes in the Golan Heights have killed six members of Hezbollah as tensions with Israel on the Syrian border continue

Bouthaina Shaaban

Syrian-Russian relations under spotlight Subscription

7 January 2015 | By

Syrian government affirms Russian support as Al-Assad’s adviser slams Turkey’s role in the conflict

Syrian refugee numbers have reached 1.2 million in Lebanon

Lebanon imposes visa restrictions on Syrians Subscription

4 January 2015 | By

Large numbers of Syrian refugees continue to cross border

Kuwait City, capital of Kuwait

Syria to reopen embassy in Kuwait Subscription

4 January 2015 | By

Syrian embassy was shut down in 2012

 given the rising volumes of passengers travelling on the Dubai Metro, the region is beginning to establish a track record that lenders and bankers could use to predict whether project finance debts can be repaid

The Middle East in 2030

10 December 2014 | By

Take part in MEED’s survey to identify the key trends that will shape the Middle East economy in 2030


Pushing back against Isis Subscription

2 November 2014 | By

While the US’ allies in the region have joined the coalition against Isis, each has a differing agenda on Syria. Meanwhile, Iran, the one country that could really help, is being ignored

Promising development: Amman is now studying a proposal to issue its first Islamic bond

Wider Middle East ripe for Islamic finance Subscription

18 September 2014 | By Richard Nield

Sharia-compliant banking has yet to take off across most of the Levant and North Africa. But growing support from governments could soon lead to a boom in demand

Obama said the US will send 475 military personnel to assist in the crackdown on Isis

Obama prepared to target Isis in Syria Subscription

11 September 2014 | By

Washington outlines strategy for tackling terrorist group

Syria's President Bashar a-Assad

Respite from cold for Al-Assad Subscription

4 September 2014 | By

The West might have to ask the Syrian leader for assistance in stamping out jihadist group Isis

Syrian refugees

Syrian exodus weighs on Lebanon Subscription

23 July 2014 | By Richard Nield

Lebanon now has the largest refugee population per capita in the world, which is having a devastating effect on the country’s economic growth

At odds: Al-Hariri (left) and Al-Bahra have varied backing

Opposition looks to regain its voice in Syria Subscription

22 July 2014 | By James Gavin

The Syrian National Coalition has lost much of its influence in the face of a resurgent regime and the emergence of Isis. It is now up to its new president, Hadi al-Bahra, to reverse the body’s marginalisation

Syria debt 2010-2013

Damascus survives on war economy Subscription

22 July 2014 | By James Gavin

Although headline macroeconomic figures are worsening, Damascus is being shored up by external sources of funding, meanwhile illicit business networks are feeding off the instability

Filter Syria content by sector

Special reports

Hadi al-Bahra, president, Syrian National Coalition

Syria: New leadership hopes to reinvigorate opposition Subscription

22 July 2014

Al-Assad looks in a stronger position than ever

More Syria special reports


Syrian International Islamic Bank

Syria International Islamic Bank Subscription

Formed in 2006 to capitalise on the opening up of Syria’s financial sector

Syrian Petroleum Company logo

Syrian Petroleum Company Subscription

The Syrian Petroleum Company is a state-owned oil company, established in 1974 responsible for the oil and gas industry exploration and production

    See all company profiles


    Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Subscription

    22 January 2015

    Head of Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (Isis)

    See all Syria biographies

    Tenders & project awards

    Syria: Moisture absorbent materials Subscription

    15 January 2015 | By

    Supply of moisture absorbent materials

    Filter Syria tenders by sector

    Interact-Widget Twitter LinkedIn Facebook Twitter Apple Android Newsletters