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President Bashar al-Assad

Syria country datafile
Country overview
Government contacts

Country data

Iran 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012f 2013f
Nominal GDP ($bn) 40.5 52.6 53.9 60.0 n/a n/a n/a
GDP per capita ($) 2,0164 2,557 2,557 2,807 n/a n/a n/a
Real GDP growth (annual change, %) 5.7 4.5 5.9 3.4 n/a n/a n/a
Government revenue (% of GDP) 22.7 20.1 23.9 20.9 n/a n/a n/a
Government total expenditure (% of GDP) 25.7 22.9 26.7 28.6 n/a n/a n/a
Total government debt (gross, % of GDP) 42.7 37.3 31.2 30.0 n/a n/a n/a
Current account balance (% of GDP) -0.2 -1.3 -2.9 2.8 n/a n/a n/a
Value of oil imports 4.3 5.7 2.2 3.5* n/a n/a n/a
Value of oil exports 4.4 5.5 3.3 5* n/a n/a n/a
Inflation (%) 4.7 15.2 2.8 4.4 n/a n/a n/a
Click to see full economic data (2005 - 2018 forecast)
Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database; Last updated: July 2014; *=Estimate

News & analysis

Syria's President Bashar al-Assad (front on right) reviews a guard of honour before his swearing-in for a new seven-year term in Damascus on 16 July

Al-Assad sworn in for third term Subscription

17 July 2014 | By

Syria’s president secures another seven-year term in disputed election

Isis announces caliphate in Iraq and Syria Subscription

30 June 2014 | By

Islamist group names Isis leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as head of new Islamic state

Mena oil production 2013

Mena share of global oil production slips Subscription

24 June 2014 | By

Production drops in Libya, Iran and Syria as US output surges

Middle East oil output dropped 0.7 per cent in 2013, BP data shows Subscription

18 June 2014 | By

Lower production in Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait and Syria pulls down Middle East oil output

Syria votes

Syria’s political divide set to deepen Subscription

5 June 2014

The opposition’s views have been trampled by the recent elections that reinstated Al-Assad as president, and tensions are set to increase

Government stronghold: In Damascus, Al-Assad supporters took to the streets to celebrate the win

Al-Assad regime digs in Subscription

5 June 2014 | By Richard Nield

The Syrian president has won another seven-year term following the controversial election


Syria prepares for elections amid civil war Subscription

5 June 2014 | By Richard Nield

It is widely held that President Bashar al-Assad is assured a landslide victory in Syria’s elections, but critics have declared the vote a sham

UN-Arab League Syria envoy resigns Subscription

14 May 2014 | By

Lakhdar Brahimi will step down as joint UN-League of Arab States special representative for Syria on 31 May

IMF says dominance of big firms is harming the region Subscription

11 May 2014 | By

IMF managing director says middle class has lost ground since Arab Spring

Outsourcing specialist services can benefit region's hotel operators Subscription

5 May 2014 | By

Regional hotel operators advised to consider contracting out food & beverage services to specialist restaurateurs

Middle East trading families driving hotel acquisitions Subscription

5 May 2014

Hotel acquistions to top $50bn in 2014

Middle East is the world’s most buoyant hotel market Subscription

5 May 2014 | By

Dubai and Jeddah have recorded the highest growth in hotel room rates in 2014

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Special reports

Hadi al-Bahra, president, Syrian National Coalition

Syria: New leadership hopes to reinvigorate opposition

22 July 2014

Al-Assad looks in a stronger position than ever

More Syria special reports


Syrian International Islamic Bank

Syria International Islamic Bank Subscription

Formed in 2006 to capitalise on the opening up of Syria’s financial sector

Syrian Petroleum Company logo

Syrian Petroleum Company Subscription

The Syrian Petroleum Company is a state-owned oil company, established in 1974 responsible for the oil and gas industry exploration and production

    See all company profiles


    Bashar al-Assad Subscription

    7 January 2014

    Bashar al-Assad is President, Syria

    See all Syria biographies

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