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President Bashar al-Assad

Syria country datafile
Country overview
Government contacts

Country data

Iran 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012f 2013f
Nominal GDP ($bn) 40.4 52.6 53.9 60 n/a n/a n/a
GDP per capita ($) 2,014 2,554 2,557 2,803 n/a n/a n/a
Real GDP growth (annual change, %) 5.7 4.5 5.9 3.4 n/a n/a n/a
Government revenue (% of GDP) 22.7 20.1 23.8 21.8 n/a n/a n/a
Government total expenditure (% of GDP) 25.7 23 26.7 26.6* n/a n/a n/a
Total government debt (gross, % of GDP) 43.2 37.4 31.4 29.4* n/a n/a n/a
Current account balance (% of GDP) -0.2 -1.3 -2.9 -2.9* n/a n/a n/a
Value of oil imports 4.3 5.7 2.2 3.5* n/a n/a n/a
Value of oil exports 4.4 5.5 3.3 5* n/a n/a n/a
Inflation (%) 4.8 15.4 1.7 6.3 n/a n/a n/a
Click to see full economic data (2005 - 2018 forecast)
Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database; Last updated: June 2013; *=Estimate

News & analysis

Car bombs kill 25 people in Syria

10 April 2014, 8:25 GMT | By

Explosions went off in a commercial street in Homs

Centralisation presents risk for Middle East economies Subscription

11 March 2014, 12:49 GMT | By

Black Swan author says problems in Egypt and Lebanon not always what they seem

Hezbollah threatens to retaliate for Israeli strike Subscription

27 February 2014, 6:18 GMT | By

Hezbollah claims Israel struck its base near Lebanon’s border with Syria

Little progress made as Syria peace talks end Subscription

16 February 2014, 8:06 GMT | By

No date set for third session of Geneva 2 conference

Syrian opposition presents plan to end war Subscription

13 February 2014, 6:41 GMT | By

Syrian coalition plan for end to civil war does not include role for Bashar al-Assad

Second round of Geneva 2 peace conference on Syria begins Subscription

10 February 2014, 11:15 GMT | By

First session of Geneva 2 peace conference ended with the promise to evacuate civilians from the besieged area of Homs

UN Security Council considers Syria aid resolution Subscription

6 February 2014, 6:52 GMT | By Iliana Foutsitzis

Western and Arab governments are backing the proposal

Geneva 2: Plans to provide aid to conflict-ridden areas have stalled amid mutual distrust

Resolution remains a distant hope for Syria Subscription

30 January 2014, 14:26 GMT | By

Progress so far in the Geneva 2 peace talks on Syria has been limited to some humanitarian commitments


Distrust hinders Geneva talks Subscription

30 January 2014, 14:23 GMT | By

Pressure from both regional and international backers will be needed to stop Syria’s civil war from escalating further

UN retracts Iran invite to Syria peace talks Subscription

21 January 2014, 12:03 GMT | By

Geneva 2 conference invitation rescinded after Tehran refused to agree to regime change

Syria signs exploration contract with Russia Subscription

8 January 2014, 6:36 GMT | By

Russia’s Soyuzneftegaz’s Syria deal will see the firm carry out exploration activities in the Mediterranean Sea

Chaos: A break-up of Syria could result in large swathes of the country being controlled by Al-Qaeda affiliates

Adversaries unite against a common enemy Subscription

30 December 2013, 11:58 GMT | By David Butter

The return of Al-Qaeda is pushing former adversaries to collaborate

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Special reports

Syria's President Bashar al-Assad

Syria: Civil war reaches an impasse Subscription

1 August 2013, 9:28 GMT

Al-Assad regime makes gains, but war far from over as Syria’s economy crumbles

More Syria special reports


Syrian International Islamic Bank

Syria International Islamic Bank Subscription

Formed in 2006 to capitalise on the opening up of Syria’s financial sector

Syrian Petroleum Company logo

Syrian Petroleum Company Subscription

The Syrian Petroleum Company is a state-owned oil company, established in 1974 responsible for the oil and gas industry exploration and production

    See all company profiles


    Bashar al-Assad Subscription

    7 January 2014, 7:38 GMT

    Bashar al-Assad is President, Syria

    See all Syria biographies

    Tenders & project awards

    Syria: CMC high viscosity fields Subscription

    12 April 2014, 9:15 GMT | By

    Provision of CMC high viscosity fields

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