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President Bashar al-Assad

Syria country datafile
Country overview
Government contacts

Country data

Iran 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012f 2013f
Nominal GDP ($bn) 40.5 52.6 53.9 60.0 n/a n/a n/a
GDP per capita ($) 2,0164 2,557 2,557 2,807 n/a n/a n/a
Real GDP growth (annual change, %) 5.7 4.5 5.9 3.4 n/a n/a n/a
Government revenue (% of GDP) 22.7 20.1 23.9 20.9 n/a n/a n/a
Government total expenditure (% of GDP) 25.7 22.9 26.7 28.6 n/a n/a n/a
Total government debt (gross, % of GDP) 42.7 37.3 31.2 30.0 n/a n/a n/a
Current account balance (% of GDP) -0.2 -1.3 -2.9 2.8 n/a n/a n/a
Value of oil imports 4.3 5.7 2.2 3.5* n/a n/a n/a
Value of oil exports 4.4 5.5 3.3 5* n/a n/a n/a
Inflation (%) 4.7 15.2 2.8 4.4 n/a n/a n/a
Click to see full economic data (2005 - 2018 forecast)
Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database; Last updated: July 2014; *=Estimate

News & analysis

Promising development: Amman is now studying a proposal to issue its first Islamic bond

Wider Middle East ripe for Islamic finance Subscription

18 September 2014 | By Richard Nield

Sharia-compliant banking has yet to take off across most of the Levant and North Africa. But growing support from governments could soon lead to a boom in demand

Obama said the US will send 475 military personnel to assist in the crackdown on Isis

Obama prepared to target Isis in Syria Subscription

11 September 2014 | By

Washington outlines strategy for tackling terrorist group

Syria's President Bashar a-Assad

Respite from cold for Al-Assad

4 September 2014 | By

The West might have to ask the Syrian leader for assistance in stamping out jihadist group Isis

Syrian refugees

Syrian exodus weighs on Lebanon Subscription

23 July 2014 | By Richard Nield

Lebanon now has the largest refugee population per capita in the world, which is having a devastating effect on the country’s economic growth

At odds: Al-Hariri (left) and Al-Bahra have varied backing

Opposition looks to regain its voice in Syria Subscription

22 July 2014 | By James Gavin

The Syrian National Coalition has lost much of its influence in the face of a resurgent regime and the emergence of Isis. It is now up to its new president, Hadi al-Bahra, to reverse the body’s marginalisation

Syria debt 2010-2013

Damascus survives on war economy Subscription

22 July 2014 | By James Gavin

Although headline macroeconomic figures are worsening, Damascus is being shored up by external sources of funding, meanwhile illicit business networks are feeding off the instability

Syria's President Bashar al-Assad (front on right) reviews a guard of honour before his swearing-in for a new seven-year term in Damascus on 16 July

Al-Assad sworn in for third term Subscription

17 July 2014 | By

Syria’s president secures another seven-year term in disputed election

Isis announces caliphate in Iraq and Syria Subscription

30 June 2014 | By

Islamist group names Isis leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as head of new Islamic state

Mena oil production 2013

Mena share of global oil production slips Subscription

24 June 2014 | By

Production drops in Libya, Iran and Syria as US output surges

UN relief: Syrians wait to receive food aid

Scarcity of resources hits Syria Subscription

22 June 2014 | By

With food items costing up to 360 per cent more than three years ago, the increasingly impoverished Syrian population is feeling the impact of the deteriorating economy

Middle East oil output dropped 0.7 per cent in 2013, BP data shows Subscription

18 June 2014 | By

Lower production in Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait and Syria pulls down Middle East oil output

Syria votes

Syria’s political divide set to deepen Subscription

5 June 2014

The opposition’s views have been trampled by the recent elections that reinstated Al-Assad as president, and tensions are set to increase

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Special reports

Hadi al-Bahra, president, Syrian National Coalition

Syria: New leadership hopes to reinvigorate opposition

22 July 2014

Al-Assad looks in a stronger position than ever

More Syria special reports


Syrian International Islamic Bank

Syria International Islamic Bank Subscription

Formed in 2006 to capitalise on the opening up of Syria’s financial sector

Syrian Petroleum Company logo

Syrian Petroleum Company Subscription

The Syrian Petroleum Company is a state-owned oil company, established in 1974 responsible for the oil and gas industry exploration and production

    See all company profiles


    Bashar al-Assad Subscription

    7 January 2014

    Bashar al-Assad is President, Syria

    See all Syria biographies

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