The protests on 29 November in Cairo are a reminder that significant challenges remain for Egypt’s military regime as it tries to put the turbulence of the 2011 revolution and 2013 coup behind it.

About 2,000 protesters clashed with security forces amid clouds of tear gas in the wake of the decision by an Egyptian court that cleared former president Hosni Mubarak of ordering the killing of protesters before he was ousted in 2011.

One person has been reported killed in the violence.

Former general and current president, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has made it clear he has no qualms in using force to crush opposition.

Those arrested in the wake of the protests join thousands that have already been detained by security forces for dissent since the military took control of the country in 2013.

The fact that so many people turned out to take a stand against the court decision, even after Al-Sisi made it clear the military would not tolerate any form of opposition, should not be ignored.

From the start, Al-Sisi presented himself as a strong leader and a safe pair of hands, capable of delivering political stability and economic prosperity.

Although he has promised higher standards of living in the long term, in the short term life have become tougher for the Egyptian public.

In July, energy subsidies were cut, raising the price of some fuels by as much as 80 per cent. Unemployment has remained high and poverty rates are up.

On top of the economic problems, civil liberties have been significantly curtailed, with increased state censorship.

So far, most of the Egyptian population have been willing to put up with Al-Sisi’s authoritarian leadership style in return for the promise of future stability and prosperity.

If his regime does not deliver soon on jobs and living standards, the next time protests flare the number of people taking a stand against the state could be far larger.