The western region of Algeria has in the last three months seen a steep escalation in the number of militant attacks against both civilian and military targets. In late November Islamist militants killed six civilians in two separate attacks in the region. In one incident, on 24 November, two unknown gunmen attacked an isolated farm in the province of Sidi Belabbas, 450 kilometers west of Algiers, killing three members of the same family. In a second attack in the western province of Shalaf, a suspected Islamist militant shot three locals (MEED 25:11:03).