Fluor Daniel, Kellogg Brown & Root, Perini International, Parsons Engineering Corporation, Louis Berger International and Bechtel, all American firms with experience of major reconstruction projects in developing countries, received requests for proposals for the contract, the largest so far put out to tender in the USAID programme.

Reuters reported on 16 April that worries about excessive liability risks have delayed the announcement of the award of the contract, which USAID had hoped to confirm a month ago. US government experts are reviewing federal law 85-804 which permits the US government to protect commercial entities facing exceptional risks. It is uncertain whether the law is applicable in the Iraq reconstruction contract. The USAID may be obliged to seek either a White House order or a special congressional resolution.