Its price was just 2.5 per cent lower than the second best offer of KD 41.5 million ($143 million) submitted by a US/local team of ENGlobal Engineeringand Integral Services Company (Isco). South Korea’s Hyundai Engineering & Construction Company ranked third on price, at KD 43 million ($148 million). Two other companies priced the work.

The scope of works covers the modernisation of control and instrumentation systems at the 56-year-old facility and related electro-mechanical works. Mina al-Ahmadi last went through a substantial modernisation programme in 1986, and the project is aimed at making control processes more efficient and improving safety at the refinery, which has nameplate capacity of more than 415,000 barrels a day. Fluor carried out the project’s front-end engineering and design (FEED).