Under the UN oil-for-food programme, the bulk of the wheat supplied to Iraq has been purchased from Australia. The trade has been worth about $472 million a year to Australian wheat growers.

USAID administrator Andrew Natsios said on 2 April that the first delivery would be 28,000 tonnes of bulk, hard red winter wheat produced in the states of Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas. The wheat is being released from a stock held by the Emerson Trust, a food reserve administered under the authority of the US Department of Agriculture. Up to 4 million tonnes of wheat, corn, sorghum, and rice can be kept in reserve. There is about 2.5 million tonnes of wheat in the reserve, according to the Department of Agriculture.