The report highlights the attention that the ongoing peace talks between the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and Khartoum have attracted, but says that little will change without a substantial changes in security in the region. ‘If peace means that the SPLA is the sole government of the southern region and it refuses to compromise or reconcile with the other southern military and political forces – displacement and death in the oil war will continue to be the fate of southern Sudanese, even if a peace agreement is signed by the Sudanese government.