Despite the continued uncertainty over war in Iraq, hotel demand in the majority of Middle East locations was higher in January 2003 than in the same period the year before, according to Deloitte & Touche‘s Hotelbenchmark survey. Hotels in Cairo Heliopolis, Kuwait, Qatar and Dubai all registered occupancy rates of more than 75 per cent, and only in Manama, Alexandria and Abu Dhabi did occupancies show a fall from January 2002. In the Red Sea resorts of Egypt, whose economy would suffer great disruption if war or war fears drive away tourists, saw revenue per available room (revPAR) increase significantly. At Safaga, El-Gouna and El-Quseir, revenue saw double-digit growth. However, revenue levels remain low compared to many other regional destinations: in the Red Sea resorts it was $15, at Hurghada $16 and at Luxor and Alexandria $18, compared with $167 at the Jumeirah Beach hotels and an average $147 in Kuwait. The regional picture changes when revPAR for January 2003 is compared with 2001, before the 11 September terrorist attacks on the US: with the exception of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egyptian destinations show declines of 25-50 per cent, and Moroccan rates decline 30-40 per cent. The US State Department has warned travellers against non-essential travel to Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Kuwait and Yemen.