Japanese development agency the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) loaned the Kurdistan regional government $130m in July to improve the water supply in the mountainous city of Halabja.
The loans are part of an attempt to provide basic services to the area in a bid to calm relations between the locals and international forces.
Designed by Lebanon’s Dar Al-Handasah Nazih Taleb & Partners, the water supply network will be used to provide freshwater to Halabja’s estimated 9,000 homes. Halabja has long been involved in clashes between local and international forces, but the regional government attempted basic reconstruction in 2003. Citizens of Halabja have since protested at what they see as the government’s inability to provide basic infrastructure services.
As of April this year, Japan had loaned the Kurdistan region $595m to build water and electricity projects. Overall, the country has contributed $3.2bn to help rebuild Iraq.
Japan-sponsored construction work in Iraq includes the following projects:
|PROJECT||VALUE (in million USD)||PROVINCE|
|Deralok Hydropower Plant Construction||$165||Dahuk|
|Water Supply Improvement||$303||Erbil|
|Electricity Sector Reconstruction||$127||Sulamaniya|
|Water Sector Loan Project||$401||Ninawa, Al-Anbar, Salah ad-Din|
|Al-Akkaz Gas Power Plant||$287||Al-Anbar|
|Irrigation Sector Loan||$86||Baghdad, Babil, Basrah, Muthanna|
|Electricity Sector Reconstruction||$281||Baghdad, Babil, Basrah, Muthanna|
|Baghdad Sewerage Facilities||$19||Baghdad|
|Al-Mussaib Thermal Power Plant||$331||Baghdad|
|Samawah Roads and Bridges||$30||Muthanna|
|Basrah Refinery Upgrading||$18||Basrah|
|Basrah Water Supply Improvement||$370||Basrah|
|Khor Al-Zubair Fertilizer Plant||$156||Basrah|
|Port Sector Rehabilitation Project||$272||Basrah|
|Crude Oil Export Facility||$432||Gulf|
The Kurdistan Investment Commission approved in June the estimated $500m Avro City in Dahuk province. Avro City was awarded in 2008 to a Turkish joint venture of Gurbag Construction Group and Guinsal Construction Company (MEED 9:7:10).