Development projects in Jordan have also benefited from foreign assistance, and on 23 January the German government announced a Eur 1 million ($1.1 million) grant to finance a groundwater research management project, to run until 2006. Water scarcity is one of the key constraints on Jordan’s economic development (MEED 21:6:02). ‘Our aim is to preserve groundwater sources from pollution caused by urban and industrial development,’ said Planning Minister Bassem Awadallah at the signing ceremony. On 22 January, the World Bank announced a $305 million aid package for the kingdom and, the day before, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) pledged $145.5 million (MEED 23:1:03).