Climate change and rising costs are huge challenges for the aviation sector. Responding effectively to them is not easy and requires decisive action.

“You always have to look at your costs,” says Emirates Airline & Group chairman and chief executive Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed al-Maktoum.

“Cost is very important, regardless of what you’re doing and how successful you are,” he says.

“There is always somebody else who will come along and try to offer that service as well as you are doing for much lower cost. Those airlines will be successful.”

Sheikh Ahmed is one of the most influential names in global aviation. He has been at the helm of Emirates since its launch in 1985 and has seen the Dubai-based airline emerge as one of the world’s leading carriers.

Sheikh Ahmed says that fuel prices and currency are a major factor in the profitability of airlines.

Announcing the company’s half-year results in November 2018, Sheikh Ahmed said the aviation sector was facing ‘myriad challenges’, including economic and political uncertainties, both globally and closer to home, and the relentless downward pressure on yield as competition heightened and capacity grew.

He regards establishing bilateral agreements with other countries that enable the continuing expansion of not only Emirates, but also of Dubai and the UAE as a high priority.

“What we have achieved today as a global business has put Dubai on the map,” he says.

“The Open Sky policy model was really the plus,” he says. “When you talk to any country, they say this model is working. We have a small population base today, with a population of say 8-10 million. And yet we are seeing 90 million passengers [a year] come to [Dubai] airport.”

READ: Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed al-Maktoum says investing in technology will save costs
New investments

Sheikh Ahmed says that the increasing geopolitical risk makes it more important than ever to develop new routes. The focus is on key markets such as China, the Indian subcontinent and Africa.

Investment in world-class infrastructure has been critical to Dubai’s aviation success. But equally important, he says, is the service that you provide.

Investment in technology is a key part of the equation.

“We are pushing technology and that technology will have to process more people, either coming in or out or in transit,” he says. “The focus on technology will save a lot of costs in the future.”

The development of the Dubai World Central airport complex, which opened in 2010, is an integral element of Dubai’s vision for the future of aviation in the emirate, along with the Dubai Logistics Corridor, which links the new airport to Jebel Ali Port and Jebel Ali Free Zone. Together they will create one of the most sophisticated multi-modal supply chain transit facilities in the world.

Watch the full ‘Ten Minutes into the Future of Aviation’ interview with Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed al-Maktoum here

The ‘Ten Minutes into the Future of Aviation’ initiative is produced by MEED and powered by Mashreq, and aims to explain and highlight the challenges and opportunities facing the aviation sector. Click here if you would like to access content produced by the MEED Mashreq Knowledge Partnership.