The bombings on 20 November, which targeted UK interests in Istanbul, come days after two suicide bombers on 15 November attacked two synagogues in the city killing 23 and injuring about 300. Istanbul governor Muammer Guler said on 20 November that DNA tests had shown that the suicide bombers were both Turkish.

World leaders have been swift in condemning the bombings in Turkey. UK Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said the attacks in Turkey on 15 and 20 November showed all the hallmarks of international terrorist organisations, particularly Al-Qaeda.