The UN has been the target of two bomb attacks in recent weeks in Iraq. At least 20 people were killed and scores wounded when a car bomb was detonated outside the UN compound in Baghdad on 19 August. The UN’s top official in Iraq, Sergio Vieira de Mello, was among those killed in the attack. A suicide bomber killed one and injured eight in an attack on the Baghdad headquarters on 22 September (MEED 22:9:03).