The company won its mobile licence in Qatar in December 2007 with a bid of $2.1bn. Vodafone’s local partner, the non-profit-making Qatar Foundation, paid $1.7bn of the licence cost and Vodafone just $400m.

Vodafone Qatar, which is split equally between Vodafone and the Qatar Foundation, was again the vehicle for the acquisition of the fixed-line licence.

The joint venture beat competing bids from Jordan Telecom and a consortium of Hong Kong-based PCCW and the Qatar Investment & Projects Development Holding Company.