Wolfowitz signed on 5 December an official determination confirming that competition for the contracts would be limited to companies from ‘the US, Iraq, coalition partners and force-contributing nations’.

Ten Arab countries are included in the list of 63 eligible countries. These are Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE.

In his determination Wolfowitz stated: ‘It is necessary for the protection of the essential security interests of the US to limit competition for the prime contracts of these procurements to companies from the US, Iraq, coalition partners and force-contributing nations. Thus, it is clearly in the public interest to limit prime contracts to companies from these countries.’