The three-day NATO summit in Prague ended on a different note, vowing in their final communique to take ‘effective action’ to ensure Saddam Hussein’s compliance with resolution 1441. However there was no commitment of NATO forces to the military action that might result from non-compliance. German and French officials portrayed the statement as a victory for their perspectives on the Iraq issue, saying that they had kept out the more warlike language preferred by the US and UK. US officials suggested that political rather than military support might be preferable, to preclude any need for NATO consensus before US action.