UN special envoy for the Middle East peace process, Terje Roed-Larsen, on 19 May warned that the implementation of the roadmap might be the last chance for a long time to achieve a solution to the conflict. ‘Two factors contribute to this belief,’ he told the UN Security Council. ‘First the continuing Palestinian terror contributes to the radicalisation of the peoples of both communities. Second, Israel’s ongoing expansion of settlements, construction of the separation wall and other public works projects in the West Bank would, over time, make the creation of a viable Palestinian state, part of which would be on the West Bank, more and more difficult.’