On 19 and 20 October, the two countries discussed establishing a new trade route from India to Russia, using Iranian ports and rail links.

An agreement has also been signed, to partner Martyr Rajaei Port on Iran’s Gulf coast with India’s port of Jawaharlal Nehru Port, on the country’s west coast.

The director general of Iran’s Ports and Shipping Organisation (PSO), Mohsen Sadeqifar, says Iran imports $1.5bn worth of goods from India each year, and exports $150m of goods to the country, with most goods travelling by sea.