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Oil and gas will continue to dominate the economies of the Gulf for many years to come, but governments and private investors are beginning to look to other forms of mineral wealth. As a glance at their poorer neighbours reveals, there are considerable riches to be had. Sitting on 85,000 million tonnes of phosphates, Morocco is the undisputed king of the industry, generating a turnover of about $1,500 million from its mining operations. In Jordan, too, the exploitation of phosphate and potash deposits has long been a staple of the economy (see pages 48-50).