The UN Security Council has called for an immediate ceasefire in Libya and said that it will impose sanctions on those involved in the militia warfare that has engulfed the nation’s capital and second city.

The move was unanimously approved in a vote on 27 August one day after the United States Department of Defence said it believed the UAE and Egypt were responsible for air strikes in the country.

The UN has been criticised by Libyans for doing too little to stop the violence, but Michael Aron, British ambassador to Libya, said the resolution will make a difference.

“No one wants to be identified by the UN as responsible for these acts of violence,” he said. “It will have an effect.”

The new resolution includes a tightened arms embargo and states that individuals and entities that “threaten the peace, stability or security of Libya” will be hit by sanctions including travel bans and asset freezes.

The resolution states that activities covered by the resolution include:

  • Planning, directing, or committing, human rights abuses or acts that violate international human rights law
  • Attacks against air, land, or sea ports in Libya, or against state institutions or foreign missions
  • Providing support for armed groups or criminal networks through the illicit exploitation of crude oil or any other natural resources in Libya
  • Acting for or on behalf of or at the direction of a listed individual or entity